Motorcycle Headlight Modulators
Print or save this .pdf
version (or keep it on your smartphone) to take with you on your motorcycle in case you get
stopped by the police.
This Federal law supersedes all state laws and makes motorcycle headlight
modulators legal in all 50 states.
Here is the US Government Printing Office web page with all of Part 571 and all of the subsections.
Also, the Legal
Information Institute at Cornell University also has a
nice website where you can
read the various sections of the entire Title 49 USC. Code of
(Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards) (49 CFR Part 571.108 S7.9.4)
allows motorcycle headlight modulation systems all 50 states provided
they comply with the standards set forth in this section.
Title 49 USC 30103 (b1) (US Codes) prohibits any state from forbidding
a system that conforms to FMVSS 108.
Click here to see the regulation.
Code of Federal Regulation - Title 49, Volume 5, Parts 400 to
999 - Revised as of October 1, 2000
From the U.S. Government Printing Office via GPO Access [CITE: 49CFR571.108]
TITLE 49: TRANSPORTATION - CHAPTER V, NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY
ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
PART 571, FEDERAL MOTOR VEHICLE SAFETY STANDARDS - Subpart B--Federal Motor
Vehicle Safety Standards - Sec. 571.108 Standard No. 108;
Lamps, reflective devices, and associated equipment - S7.9.4 Motorcycle
headlamp modulation system.
S18.104.22.168 A headlamp on a motorcycle may be wired to modulate either the
upper beam or the lower beam from its maximum intensity to a
lesser intensity, provided that:
- The rate of modulation shall be 240 ±40 cycles per minute.
- The headlamp shall be operated at maximum power for 50 to 70 percent
of each cycle.
- The lowest intensity at any test point shall be not less than 17
percent of the maximum intensity measured at the same point.
- The modulator switch shall be wired in the power lead of the beam
filament being modulated and not in the ground side of the circuit.
- Means shall be provided so that both the lower beam and upper beam
remain operable in the event of a modulator failure.
- The system shall include a sensor mounted with the axis of its sensing
element perpendicular to a horizontal plane. Headlamp modulation shall
cease whenever the level of light emitted by a tungsten filament light
operating at 3000 deg. Kelvin is either less than 270 lux (25 foot-candles)
of direct light for upward pointing sensors or less than 60 lux (5.6
foot-candles) of reflected light for downward pointing sensors. The
light is measured by a silicon cell type light meter that is located
at the sensor and pointing in the same direction as the sensor. A Kodak
Gray Card (Kodak R-27) is placed at ground level to simulate the road
surface in testing downward pointing sensors.
- When tested in accordance with the test profile shown in Figure
9, the voltage drop across the modulator when the lamp is on at all
test conditions for 12 volt systems and 6 volt systems shall not be
greater than 0.45 volt. The modulator shall meet all the provisions
of the standard after completion of the test profile shown in Figure
- Means shall be provided so that both the lower and upper beam function
at design voltage when the headlamp control switch is in either the
lower or upper beam position when the modulator is off.
- Each motorcycle headlamp modulator not intended as original equipment,
or its container, shall be labeled with the maximum
wattage, and the minimum wattage appropriate for its use. Additionally,
each such modulator shall comply with S22.214.171.124 (a) through (g) when
connected to a headlamp of the maximum rated power and a headlamp of
the minimum rated power, and shall provide means so that the modulated
beam functions at design voltage when the modulator is off.
- Instructions, with a diagram, shall be provided for mounting the
light sensor including location on the motorcycle, distance above the
road surface, and orientation with respect to the light.
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